By Sophie Hares
TEPIC, Mexico, Oct 25 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Apples, bread, pasta and coffee are high on the list of foods worth $218 billion Americans dump in the bin or pour down the drain each year, costing them and the environment dear, a green group said on Wednesday.
Under growing pressure to deal with the 40 percent of food households, restaurants, grocers and others throw away, U.S. cities must find new ways to stop waste going into landfill and get edible food to those who need it, the Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC) said in two reports.
"This is food that is surplus... It's not food that's coming off people's plates," said Darby Hoover, a senior resource specialist at the NRDC, a U.S.-based environmental non-profit. "It's food that's packaged and prepared, and did not end up getting served."
More than two-thirds of food thrown away by households is potentially edible, with uneaten food costing an average American family of four at least $1,500 a year and causing major environmental damage, said the research supported by The Rockefeller Foundation.
Meanwhile food that goes unsold in grocery stores, schools, restaurants and other consumer businesses could be redirected towards the one in eight Americans who lack a steady supply, it said.
Denver, Nashville and New York, the three cities at the centre of the research, could dish up as many as 68 million extra meals a year if surplus food were donated, said the NRDC.
"If we could distribute just 30 percent of the food we currently discard, it would equate to enough food to provide the total diet for 49 million Americans," said one of the reports.
While donating more food could help vulnerable people amid rising income inequality, it would not solve the underlying causes of poverty such as unemployment or low wages, the research added.
Cities need to find better ways to match food donations, especially from businesses, to poor communities, and reduce the food waste that takes up almost a quarter of landfill space and emits nearly 3 percent of U.S. greenhouse gases, the research said.
Improved planning and more education could help cut the amount of food people throw away often because it has gone mouldy or they do not want to eat leftovers, said Hoover.
"Making the most of our food supply has wide-reaching benefits - helping to feed people and save money, water and energy in one fell swoop," NRDC senior scientist Dana Gunders said in a statement.